antibiotics side effects

Antibiotics side effects and interactions

Antibiotics are the only solution in many cases. Still, some of antibiotics side effects are really unpleasant, and may be even dangerous. Fortunately, there are ways to make your treatment easier, and to prevent possible complications. This guide will help you!

Antibiotics side effects

Despite the fact that there are different kinds of these drugs, some antibiotics side effects are common, regardless of medication’s class:

  • diarrhea and upset stomach;
  • vaginal and oral yeast infections;
  • serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis;
  • phlebitis as a complication of intravenous use of antibiotics.

In addition, there are some really serious side effects. So, if you notice any of them, call your doctor or emergency immediately:

  • signs of severe allergic reaction, like strong swelling, or difficulty breathing;
  • severe watery or bloody diarrhea;
  • stomach cramps;
  • severe vaginal yeast infection with strong itching, or mouth sores.

Anyway, when used wisely, antibiotics are quite safe. Moreover, even if you suffer from antibiotics side effects, your doctor may help you without stopping the treatment. How? First of all, it is possible to manage your condition with other drugs. Also, your doctor may adjust the dose, or switch you to another antibiotic.

Antibiotics interactions

As with any other drug, before taking antibiotics always tell your doctor about your medical conditions, and about all the drugs and even supplements you take.

Besides other medications, antibiotics also interact with alcohol. In fact, it is usually prohibited to drink any alcoholic beverages while taking antibiotics, especially metronidazole or tinidazole.

Among drug interactions are:

  • combined oral contraceptives (because some antibiotics can reduce their effectiveness);
  • different kinds of antibiotics (for example, taking penicillin with methotrexate causes serious side effects);
  • blood-thinning medications (this combination may cause bleeding);
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) painkillers;
  • insulin and some other medicines for diabetes;
  • diuretics;
  • antacids;
  • retinoids;
  • lithium;
  • vitamin A supplements.

Mind that this is not the full list!

You may also be interested in:

Antibiotics usage: all you need to know
Antibiotics guide: use them wisely
Superbug resistant to every antibiotic is a new threat
12 most dangerous superbugs: the WHO list

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