You treat cold and flu with pills? We think now it’s time to publish this antibiotics usage guide.
These medications slow down the growth of bacteria. Still, some people use them not only to treat infections caused by bacteria. Many of us also forget that our own immune system itself fights infections rather well. However, sometimes antibiotics is the one and only choice.
Antibiotics step by step
The first natural antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928. Penicillin-related medications are still widely used to treat infections. But there are other types of antibiotics, too. Here are some other facts you need to know:
- antibiotics are not effective against viruses;
- some of them treat a wide range of infections, others fight just a few types of bacteria;
- most antibiotics start having an effect within a few hours;
- in most countries they are available only with a prescription;
- antibiotics may be given beforehand, to prevent infection;
- before surgery, for example.
And here’s the list of most common and rare antibiotics side effects:
- fungal infections of the mouth, digestive tract, and vagina;
- blood clotting and other blood disorders (rare one);
- formation of kidney stones (rare one);
- deafness (rare);
- sensitivity to sun (rather rare);
- inflamed bowels (especially in elderly patients);
- skin rash and other allergic reactions.
- These medications are usually taken orally.
- Some antibiotics should not be consumed with certain foods and drinks. For example, dairy products, or alcohol.
- Others should not be taken while eating. Take them an hour before, or two hours after meals.
- It is important to complete the whole course. Even if you are feeling better already.
- It is crucial to follow the instructions.
When you use antibiotics appropriately, you do the best for your health.