Unfortunately, even if you have no family history of cancer, there is still a risk to develop it. On the other side, this cancer prevention guide may help you to decrease certain risk factors, and to live healthier and longer life.
First of all, we recommend to maintain a healthy lifestyle, as usual. In addition, it is extremely important to pass regular check-ups, and to avoid things that may cause cancer, if possible.
So, what are the risk factors for developing cancer?
Cannot be avoided:
- older age
- family history of cancer.
Can be avoided:
- sun exposure
- alcohol abuse
- wrong diet
In addition, there are risk factors that cannot be controlled in some cases, but can be avoided in other cases, such as exposure to chemicals or radiation. Also, among them are certain diseases, including immunosuppression and chronic inflammation.
According to science, more than 4 in 10 cancer cases could be prevented. So, where to start from?
- use sunscreen
- quit smoking
- cut back on alcohol
- eat a balanced diet
- maintain a healthy weight
Also, better find out if your workplace is safe, and do your best to avoid such infections as hepatitis or human papillomavirus (HPV).
Some more cancer prevention tips:
- eat five portions of fruit and vegetables daily
- add more wholegrains and beans to your diet
- cut out foods that are too high in calories
- limit processed meat and red meat intake
- avoid sugary drinks
- eat less salt
- be physically active for at least 30 minutes a day
- pass tests regularly if you have a family history of cancer.
Ask your doctor about these cancer screening tests:
- mammograms for breast cancer
- Pap test for cervical cancer
- screening tests for colorectal cancer
- low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer
- prostate specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer.