Every fifth adult person in the world suffers from hypertension, although many do not even know about it. Here is a full guide to hypertension treatment and prevention. Hope it will help you to notice high blood pressure, and lower it.
What is hypertension?
First of all, your blood pressure depends on the heart and blood vessels. Commonly, normal arterial pressure is 90/60 to 120/80 mm Hg. If the indicators are constantly higher than 139/89 mm Hg, you have hypertension.
Of course, blood pressure cannot always stay on the same level. For example, it may naturally increase after eating, playing sports, or during stress.
Why is high blood pressure dangerous?
One of the main problems with hypertension treatment is that a person can be ill for years without even noticing that, and it may even cause death. For example, coronary heart disease is often related to high blood pressure. Moreover, hypertension can lead to a stroke.
In addition, high blood pressure affects the work of all organs of the body, because they receive more blood.
What causes hypertension?
Among factors that may contribute to hypertension are genetics and lifestyle. For example, obesity, stress, smoking, and drinking alcohol affect blood pressure rates a lot. Also, hypertension may develop due to other health conditions, such as thyroid problems, or kidney diseases.
In fact, the initial stages of hypertension usually pass without any symptoms. But you may have headache, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, frequent palpitations, or nosebleeds.
The only reliable test is blood pressure measurement. Half an hour before the procedure, you cannot drink tea or coffee, and cannot smoke.
Hypertension treatment and prevention
The first step in hypertension treatment is lifestyle changes. Doctors usually recommend quitting smoking, losing weight, eating more healthy, and exercising. If that doesn’t help, there are plenty of good blood pressure lowering drugs.