what you need to know to recognize a stroke

All you need to know to recognize a stroke

Stroke, that is caused by a blocked blood vessel or bleeding in the brain, is one of the most dangerous conditions often leading to death. Everybody should know how to recognize a stroke. Let’s observe most important things about it.

Stroke types

  • Ischemic stroke. The most common one.

The causes usually are: atherosclerosis, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, heart’s valves’ problems, blood clotting problems, or neck blood vessels’ injury.

Complications can be: seizures; fluid buildup, swelling, and / or bleeding in your brain; problems with memory and understanding.

The symptoms may include: sudden numbness or weakness of your face, arm, or leg, often on one side of the body; problems with speaking or understanding others; confusion and / or dizziness; loss of balance or coordination; trouble walking; vision loss or double vision. So it is rather easy to recognize a stroke.

You’re more likely to have an ischemic stroke if you: are over age 60; have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, an irregular heartbeat, or diabetes; smoke; have a family history of strokes.

  • Hemorrhagic stroke. It’s called “ubarachnoid hemorrhage” (if it happened between your brain and skull), or ‘intracerebral hemorrhage’ (if the bleeding is inside the brain).

The causes usually are: aneurysm (a weak area in a blood vessel that breaks open), or arteriovenous malformation (an abnormally formed blood vessel that opens up and bleeds).

Complications can be: seizures; heart problems; swallowing problems, and trouble eating and drinking; memory and thinking problems.

The symptoms may include: an intense headache; nausea; confusion; sensitivity to light; problems with vision. It’s important to recognize a stroke as soon as possible.

You’re more likely to have an ischemic stroke if you: are over age 65; have excess weight;  have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes; smoke; eat unhealthy foods; don’t exercise; already had a stroke; have a family history of strokes.

A “mini-stroke”

  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA), or “mini-stroke”. The symptoms of this temporary blockage in blood flow to your brain usually last for a few minutes. A TIA can be a warning sign of upcoming ischemic stroke.

The symptoms may include: numbness on one side of your body; strong headache; vision problems; confusion and / or dizziness; trouble talking or understanding.

You’re more likely to have an ischemic stroke if you: are old; have excess weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, or diabetes; smoke; have family history of strokes.

In any case, call emergency immediately!

How to recognize a stroke: all the symptoms

Any of these symptoms may be a sign of a stroke or other serious disease:

  • Strong headache. Especially if it’s sudden.
  • Chest pain. Especially accompanied by shortness of breath, pressure,  sweating, or nausea.
  • Weakness in your arms, legs, or face. It can be a sign of a stroke, especially if it happens on one side of your body. It is quite easy to recognize a stroke with these signs.
  • Lost balance. Call emergency if you can’t keep your balance, have trouble walking, or feel dizzy.
  • Sudden confusion. As well as problems speaking or understanding.
  • Vision and perception problems. Double vision, too.
  • Pain in the back of your lower leg. This kind of pain and tenderness in this area may be a symptom of a blood clot in your leg.

The time of getting professional help is critical for surviving the brain attack and minimizing the resulting brain injury. Call emergency immediately!

This is the easiest F.A.S.T. test

recognize a stroke FAST

You can get more information here

Strokes can happen to anyone at any time, regardless of sex or age. You think someone is having a stroke? Ask him or her to smile, to raise an arm, and to speak a short sentence.

If you see any of the signs from this pic, call emergency immediately!


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